an agreement that represents a fundamental realignment of trade relations between Mexico and Canada. In the years following NAFTA, trade between the United States and its North American neighbors more than tripled, growing faster than U.S. trade with the rest of the world. Canada and Mexico are the top two destinations for U.S. exports, accounting for more than one-third of the total. Most estimates conclude [PDF] that the agreement has increased U.S. gross domestic product (GDP) by less than 0.5 percent, allowing the U.S. economy to grow by up to $80 billion, or several billion dollars of additional growth per year, if fully implemented. The Agreement between the United States of America, the United Mexican States and Canada, commonly referred to as the United States-Mexico-Canada Agreement (USMCA), is a free trade agreement between Canada, Mexico and the United States as the successor to the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA).    The agreement has been referred to as “NAFTA 2.0″ or “New NAFTA” because many provisions were included in NAFTA and its amendments were considered largely progressive. On 1 July 2020, the USMCA entered into force in all Member States. But the USMCA does not represent a revolutionary change in regional trade and does not guarantee that many Americans will receive financial gains. What it is doing more than anything else is restoring security to $1.4 trillion a year in North American trade.
And in this way, it could bring economic benefits. In addition, on May 11, 2018, House Speaker Paul Ryan set May 17 as the deadline for congressional action. This deadline was not taken into account and the agreement with Mexico was only concluded on 27 August 2018.  At that time, Canada had not yet accepted the agreement submitted. Given that the outgoing President of Mexico, Enrique Peña Nieto, left office on 1 December 2018 and that 60 days are needed as a review period, the deadline for submitting the agreed text was 30 September 2018, which was reached exactly on 30 September. Negotiators worked day and night and finalized the agreement on a draft text less than an hour before midnight of that date. The following day, October 1, 2018, the text of the USMCA was published as an agreed document. Overall, Canada has become more dependent on trade with the United States, accounting for 75% of its exports.
Other high-income countries tend to be much more diverse, rarely relying on a single partner for more than 20%. U.S. presidents have long had cordial relations with Canadian prime ministers, but Trump has not hesitated to use this dependency as leverage. .