Regarding Bolsonaro`s aggressive policy on the development of the Amazon, Macron said in late June that France “would not conclude a trade agreement with countries that do not respect the Paris agreement.” The French president also called for the creation of the crime of ecocide, which should be tried by the International Criminal Court. Indigenous leader Dinaman TuxÃ© said: “Agreements like this only increase the level of violence against indigenous peoples. We must tell the EU that the signing of this free trade agreement could lead to genocide in Brazil. If they sign this agreement, the blood will flow.Â  The agreement will increase beef imports into the EU by 30%. Demand for beef is one of the main drivers of deforestation in Brazil, where three football fields are lost every minute in the Amazon rainforest. In Paraguay and Argentina, forests are also cut for beef. The new trade conditions, once implemented, would also reduce a tax on beef imports into the EU from 20% to zero under the Hilton quota. This quota allows Brazil and Argentina to export up to 10,000 tonnes of beef per year and 29,500 tonnes of reduction in first-class beef to the EU. Beef imports from South America could increase by 64% under the EU-Mercosur trade agreement. The report stresses that the impact of the free trade agreement “should probably be primarily on the high-end segment of the market.” After Brazilian President Jair Bolsonaro received widespread criticism of the protection of the Amazon rainforest, Ireland and France both expressed concern and threatened to veto the agreement if the Brazilian government did not act.
 In July 2019, a symbolic motion to reject the trade agreement was passed by 84 votes to 46 in the Irish legislature D`il Iireann.  On 8 August 2019, Luxembourg`s Trade Minister declared that the implementation of the Paris climate agreement was a necessary condition for the signing of the EU and Mercosur trade agreement.  On 28 August, Slovak Agriculture Minister Gabriela Matecna said Slovakia would block the agreement because of Brazil`s unacceptable approach to the Amazon fires.  In September 2019, MEPs from the Austrian Parliament`s European Subcommittee voted almost unanimously to reject the proposed free trade agreement because of concerns about their national agricultural sector and Amazonian forest fires.